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University -> Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering (MAMI)

Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering (MAMI)

Status of educational institutions:State

The  life of  the  Moscow  State  Technical  University “ MAMI”  started with the  foundation  of  a  small  vocational  school  in  Moscow  in  1865 , which  later   turned  into  one  of  the  leading secondary  vocational  schools  in  tsarist  Russia – Komisarovskaya   Technical  School  (KTS)  served  as  such  a  step and  the  beginning  of complicated  but  bright  history of  the  University’s  development.  The  activity  of  this  school  had  a  profound  effect  on   establishment  and  improvement   of  Russian  vocational  education.

The  KTS  history  began  at  the  end  of  1864  when  the  members  of  the  First  Arbatskoe  Department   of  the  Ladies’  Trusteeship  for  the  poor  in  Moscow  decided  to  establish  at  the  Department  a  small  two-years’  vocational  school  for  orphans  and  children  of  poor  parents  with  teaching  of  tailoring,  shoemaking  and  bookbinding  trades.  In  September  1865  this  school  was  founded  by  engineer  Christian  Christianovich  Meyen  with  the  means  of  Peter  Ionovich  Gubonin ,  a  rich  railway entrepreneur.

In  1870 , when  the  School  had  already  more  than  200  pupils ,  again  on  the  initiative  of  the  largest  Moscow  manufacturers  the  Ministry  of   Trade  and  Industry  reorganized  the  School  into   a  technical  school  with  five-years’  term  of  study  for  training  foremen  for  industrial  enterprises.  In  connection  with  it  the  decision  was  made  to  build  industrial  workshops  instead  of  the  training  workshops  owned  by  the  School.

The  Moscow  manufacturers  rendered  the  School  great  assistance  in  this  difficult  business.  The  School  undertook  radical  reorganization  on  their   donations,  realized  the  construction   of  educational  and  manufacturing   buildings ,  purchased  the  educational  equipment.  Besides,  the  Moscow  manufacturers  transferred  to  the  School  without  compensation  the  machine-tools, the  machinery ,  the  tools  which  at  that  time  were  the  significant  material  base  for  professional  training  of  future  foremen  and  technicians.

During  the  long  period  of  the  School’s  existence  there  appeared  the  exceptionally  qualified  teaching  staff.  Many  of  the  staff  members  were  awarded  the  title  of  Merited  teacher. Among  them  we  can  mention  State  Councillor, Merited  teacher  of  mathematics  Ivan  Vasilyevich  Krasnopevtsev  who  graduated  from  the  physical-mathematical  faculty  of  the  Emperor  Moscow  University  in  1883  and  taught  in  the  KTS from  1884; Merited  teacher  of   history, State Councillor Sergey Alexandrovich  Rashkov, who  graduated  from  the  historical-philological  faculty  of  the  Emperor  Moscow  University  in  1885  with  the  Doctor’s  degree  and  worked  in  the  KTS from  1885, executing  simultaneously  the  duties  of  the  Secretary  of  the  School’s  Pedagogical  Council ; Merited  teacher  of  mechanics  and  electrical  engineering , State  Councillor  Mikhail  Yakovlevich  Kulchitskiy  who  graduated  from  the  Emperor  Moscow  Higher  Technical  School  with  honours  and   worked  in  the  KTS  from  1886;  Merited  teacher  of  physics  and  mathematics,  State  Councillor  Mikhail  Petrovich  Chizhevskiy,  who  graduated  from  the  physical-mathematical  faculty  of  the  Emperor  Moscow  University  with  the  Doctor’s  degree  and  taught  mathematics  in  the  KTS  from  1886.

 Future  professors  of  the  MAMI  worked  for  many  years  in  the  KTS, among  them  Valentin  Alexandrovich  Alexandrov, Ivan  Vasilyevich  Gribov, future  Academician  of  the  USSR  Academy  of  Sciences  Viktor  Sergeevich  Kulebakin, Professor Dmitriy  Konstantinovich  Karelskikh, Assistant  Professor  Mikhail  Grigoriyevich  Tikhmenev  and  many  others.

More than  50 years before the October Revolution Komissarov Technical College (KTC) was successfully training highly specialized technicians for the Russian industry including specialists for the auto industry. Its activities in this field gained high professional prestige and acknowledgement in Russia.

After the revolution in 1919 KTC was reorganized into the First Moscow Mechanical and Electrical Engineering school named after Lomonosov M.V. (Lomonosov school) comprising the following five departments: internal combustion engines, automobile, steam engineering, metal processing and electrical engineering of heavy currents.

It was Ivan Vasilyevitch Gribov who was appointed Chairman of Presidium of the Lomonosov School. Later on, after the recreation of the Moscow Auto-Mechanical Institute in 1939 he became the first dean of the auto and tractor department being at the same time the head of the “Automobile Maintenance” Chair.

However, the reorganization of the Komissarov College into the Lomonosov School was not successful enough to meet the demands of machine-building industry and prepare well-trained highly qualified specialists. Therefore, in 1920 the Lomonosov School was reorganized again and given the name of “The Lomonosov Practical Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Institute”.

The Lomonosov Institute trained practicing engineers for vehicles manufacturing and maintenance specializing in automobile, internal combustion engines, machinery and electrical engineering.

On January 5, 1922 the decision was reached to reorganize the Lomonosov Moscow Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Institute into a higher technical educational institution – the Moscow Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Institute named after Lomonosov M.V.

In 1930 the Moscow Institute of Mechanization and Electrification named after Molotov V.M. was established on the basis of both the industrial farming department of the Lomonosov Institute and the Moscow Agricultural Academy named after Timiryasev K.A. The right of teaching power engineering disciplines previously studied at the Lomonosov institute was passed on to the newly formed Moscow Power Engineering Institute while the right to teach all aircraft engines disciplines was transferred to the Moscow Aviation Institute (MAI) and to the Military and Aircraft Academy named after Zhukovsky N.E. After reorganization of the Moscow Mechanical and Machine Building Institute (MMMBI) (later - the Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School) tractor and auto disciplines previously delivered at the mechanical department of the MMMBI were transferred to the Lomonosov Institute.

 Due to this reorganization in 1930 the Lomonosov Institute acquired the status of a specialized branch auto and tractor higher educational technical institution - the Moscow Auto and Tractor Institute named after Lomonosov M.V. Professor Krzhizhanovsky G.M. (later on - an academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences) was elected Rector of this institute.

On July 3, 1939 the USSR Council of Ministers adopted a resolution allowing the USSR Ministry of Special Machinery Industry to found the Auto-Mechanical Institute in 1939/40 academic year in Moscow.

According to this resolution on July 11, 1939 the All-Union Committee for Higher School Problems of the USSR Council of Ministers issued the order “About the Establishment of the Moscow Auto-Mechanical Institute”. This order also specified the quota of 400 students to be admitted to both full-time and part-time departments.

The 1980s are characterized by the development of  a new type of cooperation between MAMI and manufacture : at that time branch chairs were established at some enterprises of the automobile industry, such as AZLK, NAMI, LIAZ, NIIAVTOPROM, NIIAVTOPRIBOR, NPO “Electronica”,ATE1, ATE 2, GPZ 1 ,GPZ 2 and others.  By 1980 owing to the investments to the Moscow Olympic Games preparatory work the Institute had been able to construct one more hostel and a sports hall. This sports hall was employed for boxing and wrestling trainings while in the sports hall in building “B” trainings in  gymnastics and heavy athletics were conducted. This sufficiently improved conditions for  trainings and sports competitions. Besides, there were some other sports facilities, such as a rented swimming-pool, a shooting gallery, a stadium, light athletics manege for training in winter time, which gave students a possibility to go in for one of 17 kinds of sports, prepare combined students’ teams to take part and suitably represent  MAMI at various regional, municipal  and all-union competitions.

The order of the Ministry of education and science of Russia № 2898 from December 28, 2011 proclaimed that Moscow State Technical University MAMI and Moscow State University of Environmental Engineering are reorganized through merger of MSUEE to the MSTU «MAMI» as a structural division.

In April, 2012 joint University was named “Federal state budgetary educational institution of higher professional education “Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering”.

Address:107023, Str. Much Semyonovskaya etc. 38

On page http://www.mami.ru/index.php?id=427 you can find all the information concerning the admission rules of Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering.

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